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[51], Unease had built up around the secretive power play that was involved in these appointments, leading to a desire for a more democratic process. The post was established in 1958. In July 2019, the European Council nominated Ursula von der Leyen to succeed Jean-Claude Juncker, and she was elected the 13th President of the European Commission by the European Parliament on 16 July. Pauline Green MEP, leader of the Socialist group, stated that her group thought "Parliament should refuse to condone a practice which so sullies the democratic process". Ursula von der Leyen; President von der Leyen's team; Team President von der Leyen's team. [23], In 2009, the European People's Party (EPP) endorsed Barroso as its candidate for Commission president, and the EPP subsequently retained its position as largest party in that year's election. À la suite de la victoire de Christian Wulff aux élections régionales de 2003 en Basse-Saxe, elle devient ministre de la Famille du Land. Gemeinsam wurden sie Eltern der sieben Kinder David (1987), Sophie (1989), Donata (1992), Victoria und Johanna (1994), Egmont (1998) und Gracia (1999). [35] On the same basis, the EPP endorsed again Barroso for a second term during the 2009 European election campaign and, being largest again after that election, was able to secure his nomination by the European Council. In July 2019 she became the first woman to be elected president of the European Commission. [41] This was partly put into practice in 2004 when the European Council selected a candidate from the political party which secured a plurality of votes in that year's election. vakcinų nuo koronaviruso dozių, padėsiančių spartinti stringančią Europos skiepijimo kampaniją. Address. Santer resigned before his mandate expired. Elle est choisie deux ans plus tard par Angela Merkel pour occuper le ministère fédéral … Ursula Von der Leyen cv e biografia 2020: Ursula Von der Leyen nasce l’8 ottobre 1958 a Ixelles, Belgio, attualmente ha 60 anni. März 1986 in Münster) war ein deutscher Politiker ().Er war von 1953 bis 1962 Familienminister der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. 1999. The president is elected for a renewable five-year term starting five months after the elections to the European Parliament. Before he came to power, the Commission president still was a position of first among equals; when he left office, he was the undisputed icon and leader of the Community. [56], On the other hand, it has also been argued that it is still insufficiently democratic and needs to be replaced with a more direct system. Until 2004, this nomination was based on an informal consensus for a common candidate. The choice of President must take into account the result of the latest Parliamentary elections (for example, by choosing the candidate supported by the largest European political party in particular, or at least someone from that political family – the Spitzenkandidat principle, below – but this is a convention not an obligation). [45][46] The European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party indicated, in its October 2007 congress, its intention to forward a candidate for the post as part of a common campaign but failed to do so. This meant that the weight of the Parliament in the process increased resulting in a quasi-parliamentary system where one group could be in government. In July 2019, the European Council nominated Ursula von der Leyen to succeed Jean-Claude Juncker, and she was elected the 13th President of the European Commission by the European Parliament on 16 July. [8] Hallstein knew the proposals would be contentious, and took personal charge of drafting them, over-riding the Agriculture Commissioner. European Commission - Policies, information and services. She is a Politician from German and recently she was elected as the President of the European Union (EU) and appointed as Germany’s New Defence Minister. The Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists did not name a candidate, objecting to the principle of Spitzenkandidaten and its "tenuous" basis in law. [60] However, in foreign affairs, the president does have to compete with several Commissioners with foreign affairs related portfolios: the High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy and the president of the European Council. [21] This right of veto was formalised in the Amsterdam Treaty. L'affront était fait. Von der Leyen was also in the hot seat last year over accusations that she exaggerated her CV. This became evident when numerous candidates were put forward in 2004, and a centre-right vote won out over left-wing groups, France and Germany. Head of Cabinet. български español čeština dansk Deutsch eesti ελληνικά English (Current language) français Gaeilge hrvatski italiano Ursula von der Leyen, née Ursula Albrecht, (born October 8, 1958, Brussels, Belgium), Belgian-born German politician who was the first woman to serve as Germany ’s minister of defense (2013–19). Ursula Gertrud von der Leyen (geboren Ursula Albrecht, Elsene, 8 oktober 1958) is een Duitse politica, en lid van de CDU. The presidents were involved in the major political projects of the day in the 1970s, such as the European Monetary Union. [15] The International Herald Tribune noted the work of Delors at the end of his second term in 1992: "Mr. Delors rescued the European Community from the doldrums. [58] Parliamentary proposals to enact some of these in advance of the 2019 election have been opposed by some in the Council.[59]. [67] The president exercises further authority through the legal service and Secretariat-General of the Commission. According to the treaties, the president of the European Commission is nominated by the European Council. En 2003, elle se lança en politique où elle fit une carrière éclair. The Parliament now has more powers over the Commission and can reject its proposals, although the Commission has little power over Parliament, such as the ability to dissolve it to call new elections. He is seen as the most successful president, being credited with having given the Community a sense of direction and dynamism. [39], In February 2008, President Barroso admitted that despite the president having in theory as much legitimacy as heads of governments, in practice it was not the case. 2001 - 2004. Líderes europeus reunidos em dia decisivo 1 jul 2019 08:36. The President of the Commission leads a Cabinet of Commissioners, referred to as the College, collectively accountable to the European Parliament. Ursula Gertrud von der Leyen (née Albrecht; born 8 October 1958) is a German politician who has been the Minister of Defence since 2013, and is the first woman in German history to hold that office. Conselho Europeu retoma negociações das nomeações de cargos de topo da UE após interrupção 2 jul 2019 08:05. His commission served in caretaker capacity under Marín till September. Auf der Grundlage der von EU-Kommissionspräsidentin Ursula von der Leyen formulierten sechs Prioritäten für die Amtszeit 2019-2024 setzt die EU ihre jährlichen Arbeitsprogramme um. Such factors can lead to an isolation of the president from outside events. The membership is now so large the president is increasingly unable to garner the support of all the states, even though the job is supposed to try to keep everyone happy. The Socialists responded by pledging to put forward a rival candidate at future elections. Parlamento Europeu vota hoje Von der Leyen para a presidência da Comissão Europeia 16 jul 2019 07:27 . [62], The president also has responsibility for representing the Commission in the Union and beyond. Ursula von der Leyen Écouter, née Albrecht le 8 octobre 1958 à Ixelles, est une femme politique allemande. Born in October 1958, Ursula Gertrud von der Leyen spent her first 13 years in Brussels, where her father was one of the first pan-European civil servants. [64], The presidential system had started to develop since Jacques Delors and has since been cemented. However, with the Treaty on European Union in 1993, the European Parliament, the body elected directly by the citizens of the European Union,[20] gained the right to be consulted on the appointment of the president and to veto the Commission as a whole. The von der Leyen Commission is the current European Commission, in office since 1 December 2019 and is to last until the 2024 elections. Juli 2019 auf Vorschlag des Europäischen Rates durch das Europäische Parlament gewählt. Relationship to the President of the European Council, Commission of the European Atomic Energy Community, High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community, Commission of the European Economic Community, within the areas specified by the Treaties. Available now … "[32][33], The candidate selected by the Council has often been a leading national politician, but this is not a requirement. Hence, her initial CV portrays her as a Wonderwoman with unlimited capabilities. President von der Leyen's team supports her in her daily work. Oktober 1958 in Ixelles/Elsene, Belgien) ist eine deutsche Politikerin (CDU). British Prime Minister David Cameron and Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán were the only members of the council to object to his selection. Select your language. European Commission Rue de la Loi / Wetstraat 200 1049 Brussels. [31] This was sharply criticised by MEPs such as the ALDE group leader Graham Watson who described the procedure as a "Justus Lipsius carpet market" producing only the "lowest common denominator"; while Green-EFA co-leader Daniel Cohn-Bendit asked Barroso after his first speech "If you are the best candidate, why were you not the first? Its president is Ursula von der Leyen, who directs a commission composed of one commissioner from each of the states composing the European Union, except Germany, which is von der Leyen's member state. [47] However, the EPP selected Barroso as its candidate and, as the largest party, it was able to ensure his turn was renewed. The European Economic Community was established by the Treaty of Rome, presently known as the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union; a founding treaty of the union, which explains that the enumeration of presidents which ends with the present position starts with the first president of the Commission of the European Economic Community. For them CCP_CV … However, later Commissions did not enjoy the same support, and in 1999, the European Parliament used its powers to force the Santer Commission to resign. The member states had the upper hand, and they created the European Council to discuss topical problems, yet the Council was unable to keep the major projects on track such as the Common Agricultural Policy. The low voter turnout creates a problem for the president's legitimacy, with the lack of a "European political sphere", but analysts claim that if citizens were voting for a list of candidates for the post of President, turn out would be much higher than that seen in recent years. [28], Qualified majority in the Council has led to more candidates being fielded while there has been greater politicisation due to the involvement of Parliament and the change of policy direction in the EU from the creation of the single market to reform of it. [6] The Commission's first president was Walter Hallstein (see Hallstein Commission) who started consolidating European law and began to impact on national legislation. 100 Women Trailblazers. The Socialists, disappointed at the 2009 election, agreed to put forward a candidate for Commission President at all subsequent elections. [74], The basic monthly salary of the president is fixed at 138% of the top civil service grade[75] which, in 2013, amounted to €25,351 per month or €304,212 per year plus an allowance for a residence equal to 15% of salary as well as other allowances including for children's schooling and household expenses.[76]. Ursula von der Leyen elected European Commission President. However, despite these assumptions, these presidents have usually been chosen during political battles and coalition-building. The president's control over these areas gives them further political tools when directing the work of the Commission. This would allow the European Council to combine the position, with its powers, of both executive bodies into a single president of the European Union. The Treaty of Nice changed the Council's vote from a unanimous choice to one that merely needed a qualified majority. The Spitzenkandidat of the largest party would then have a mandate to assume the Commission Presidency. [52] The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party and the European Green Party also selected lead candidates. [22] José Manuel Barroso, elected Commission president that year, was then forced to back down over his choice of Commissioners, owing to Parliament's threat that it would not approve his Commission. Van der Leyens failure in matters like CCP_CV-19 does not bother these people much, since most of them are euthanasia friends anyway! The European Council president may not hold a national office, such as a Prime Minister of a member state, but there is no such restraint on European offices. Von der Leyen has never worked for the EU, but she is no stranger to Brussels, where she spent most of her childhood. [14], However, the Commission began to recover under President Jacques Delors' Commission. The president then, together with the Council, puts forward their team to the Parliament to be scrutinised. Wie Ursula von der Leyen met haar gevolg ziet passeren weet: zo ziet de komende macht eruit. She is married and has seven children. Heiko E. von der Leyen. [12], However, owing to problems such as the 1973 oil crisis and the 1979 energy crisis, economic hardship reduced the priority of European integration, with only the president trying to keep the idea alive. Franz-Josef Wuermeling (* 8.November 1900 in Charlottenburg [heute Berlin]; † 7. [55] The Council found itself taken off guard by how the process took off, and had backed themselves into a corner in having to approve the Parliament's candidate. European Commission - Policies, information and services. Despite weekly breakfasts together there was a certain extent of rivalry between the two, as well as with the High Representative. Membre de l’Union chrétienne-démocrate, elle est ministre fédérale entre 2005 et 2019 et présidente de la Commission européenne depuis 2019. However he did gain the support of Parliament through his proposals to increase its powers, and he also presented his policy to Parliament a week before he submitted them to the Council. Some clarifications saw Van Rompuy as the "strategist" and Barroso as a head of government. However, in exchange for approval, Parliament forced some concessions from Barroso in terms of Parliamentary representation at Commission and international meetings. This has increased with the creation of the permanent president of the European Council. It amended the appointment of the Commission President in the Treaty on European Union Article 17.7 to add the wording "taking into account the elections to the European Parliament", so that Article 17.7 now included the wording .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}. The EPP held an election Congress in Dublin, where Jean-Claude Juncker beat his rival Michel Barnier and subsequently ran as the EPP's lead candidate. The Commission was scheduled to take office on 1 … Federal Minister of Labor and Social Affairs, Federal Minister for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth, Member of the Presidium of the Christian Democratic Party (CDU) of Germany, Minister for Social Affairs, Women, Family Affairs and Health in Lower Saxony, Member of the CDU in the State Assembly of Lower Saxony, Various local political positions in the region of Hanover, Member of the Physicians' Working Group of the CDU of Lower Saxony, Member of the academic staff, Department of Epidemiology, Social Medicine and Health System Research, Hanover Medical School (Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, MHH), Market analysis, Stanford Health Services Hospital Administration, Auditing guest: Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, Assistant physician, Women's Clinic, Hanover Medical School, State examination and license to practice, Studied medicine at Hanover Medical School, Studied economics in Göttingen and Münster, Attended grammar school with a special focus on mathematics and science, Lehrte, This site is managed by the Directorate-General for Communication, Aid, Development cooperation, Fundamental rights, About the European Commission's web presence, Follow the European Commission on social media. Ursula von der Leyen avait rapporté de cette période une maîtrise parfaite de l’anglais et une profonde compréhension des Etats-Unis et de la mentalité anglo-saxonne. Von der Leyen blamed many of the problems facing the armed forces on her predecessors. EU’s von der Leyen tells Erdoğan ‘human rights non-negotiable’ Bianet :: English. Am 17. [53] The German term for lead candidates caught on, and they became known informally as Spitzenkandidaten. März 1972 über die Ernennung eines Mitglieds der Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften (72/150/Euratom, EGKS, EWG), DECISION OF THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE MEMBER STATES OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES of 1 January 1973 appointing the President and Vice-Presidents of the Commission, DECISION OF THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE MEMBER STATES OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES of 19 December 1974 on the appointment of the President of the Commission (75/1/Euratom, ECSC, EEC), DECISION OF THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE MEMBER STATES OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES of 20 December 1976 appointing the President and Vice-Presidents of the Commission of the European Communities (76/918/ECSC, EEC, Euratom), DECISION OF THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE MEMBER STATES OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES of 19 December 1978 on the appointment of the President and Vice-Presidents of the Commission of the European Communities (79/1/ECSC, EEC, Euratom), DECISION OF THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE MEMBER STATES OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES of 1 January 1981 appointing the President of the Commission of the European Communities (81/4/Euratom, ECSC, EEC), DECISION OF THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE MEMBER STATES OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES of 4 December 1984 appointing the President of the Commission of the European Communities (84/652/Euratom, ECSC, EEC), DECISION OF THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE MEMBER STATES OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES of 23 January 1995 appointing the President and the Members of the Commission of the European Communities (95/12/EC, Euratom, ECSC), ‘Father’ of EU’s Erasmus programme Manuel Marín dies, DECISION OF THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE MEMBER STATES OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES of 15 September 1999 appointing the President and the Members of the Commission of the European Communities (1999/627/EC, ECSC, Euratom), COUNCIL DECISION of 19 November 2004 appointing the President and Members of the Commission of the European Communities (2004/780/EC, Euratom), DECISION OF THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL of 9 February 2010 appointing the European Commission (2010/80/EU), High Authority of the Coal and Steel Community, Commission of the Atomic Energy Community, Current portfolios of the European Commission, Financial Stability, Financial Services and the Capital Markets Union, Innovation, Research, Culture, Education and Youth, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=President_of_the_European_Commission&oldid=1011034581, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2014, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from June 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Interinstitutional Relations and Foresight, This page was last edited on 8 March 2021, at 17:46. The Parliament then votes on the Commission as a whole; if approved, the European Council, acting by a qualified majority, appoints the president and their team to office. Die "ZEI Monitor-Ampel" zeigt den Umsetzungsstand der EU-Gesetzgebung an. Albrecht; * 8. Seit dem 1. [60] The work of the Commission as a body is based on the principle of Cabinet collective responsibility, however in their powers they act as more than a first among equals. Dopo essere stata ministro per vari portafogli in tutti i governi presieduti da Angela Merkel, il 2 luglio 2019 è stata designata dal Consiglio europeo alla carica di presidente della Commissione europea. On 15 January, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen stated that she supported the idea of common vaccination certificates, calling for agreements at the European level, as European Council President Charles Michel warned that it should not be introduced too soon. Ihren Lebenslauf finden Sie. Vice-President Schinas in Athens, Greece : participates in an exchange of views with the European Affairs Committee of the Hellenic Parliament about the New Pact on Migration and Asylum De Brusselse bubbel, bijeen voor de maandelijkse vergaderweek in Straatsburg, verkeert al dagen in grote opwinding. In depth reporting, intelligent analysis and breaking news from a global perspective. [34] That provision was not in force in the nomination in 2004, but the centre-right EPP, which won the election, pressured for a candidate from its own ranks. He aimed to demonstrate how he thought the Community ought to be run, in the hopes of generating a wave of pro-Europeanism big enough to get past the objections of member states. Von der Leyen, from the center-right European People’s Party, served most recently as German defense minister and is a close ally of Chancellor Angela Merkel. The European School, Brussels I is a European School located in Uccle, Brussels, Belgium. Mai 1970 über die Ernennung der Mitglieder der Kommission (70/351/EGKS, EWG, Euratom), BESCHLUSS der Vertreter der Regierungen der Mitgliedstaaten der Europäischen Gemeinschaften vom 21. STRASBOURG — The European Parliament on Tuesday elected Ursula von der Leyen as the next president of the European Commission — the first woman to hold the EU’s top executive job. Ukrainian ambassador to the EU Andriy Veselovsky praised the framework and clarified it in his own terms: The Commission president speaks as the EU's "government" while the president of the European Council is a "strategist". In his first term, from 1985 to 1988, he rallied Europe to the call of the single market, and when appointed to a second term he began urging Europeans toward the far more ambitious goals of economic, monetary and political union. Her father, Ernst Albrecht, was the minister-president of Lower Saxony and the former director-general of the European Commission. [66] For the European Civil Service the president has a very high status, due to their immense authority and symbolism within the body. [7], In 1965, Hallstein put forward his proposals for the Common Agricultural Policy, which would give the Community its own financial resources while giving more power to the Commission and Parliament and removing the veto power over Agriculture in the Council. During the appointment of Santer, discussions were kept in camera (private), with the media relying on insider leaks. Sie wurde am 16. Dezember 2013 hat Dr. Ursula von der Leyen ihr Amt als Bundesministerin der Verteidigung angetreten. [9], In reaction to Hallstein's proposals and actions, then-French president Charles de Gaulle, who was sceptical of the rising supranational power of the Commission, accused Hallstein of acting as if he were a head of state. Solidarity. Bereits 1990 wurde sie Mitglied der CDU. Vanuit het niets is Von der Leyen, minister van … L'institution, dirigée depuis juillet par Claire Hédon, a reçu près de 97.000 réclamations en 2020, soit 6% de moins que l'année précédente La farmacéutica no ha entregado dosis producidas en Reino Unido, a pesar de que eso está estipulado en el contrato, dijo Ursula von der Leyen, presidenta de la Comisión Europea. Originally the second of the European Schools to be founded, the European School, Brussels I, is today one of four in Brussels, and thirteen such schools across the European Union. Delors was chosen following a Franco-British disagreement over Claude Cheysson, Santer was a compromise after Britain vetoed Jean-Luc Dehaene, and Prodi was backed by a coalition of thirteen states against the Franco-German preference for Guy Verhofstadt. [19], Historically, the Council appointed the Commission president and the whole body by unanimity without input from Parliament. [10] In 1970, President Jean Rey secured the Community's own financial resources,[11] and in 1977, President Roy Jenkins became the first Commission president to attend a G7 summit on behalf of the Community. [13] The Community entered a period of eurosclerosis, owing to economic difficulties and disagreements on the Community budget, and by the time of the Thorn Commission the president was unable to exert his influence to any significant extent. Although he was a little-known (outside France) finance minister and former MEP, he breathed life and hope into the EC and into the dispirited Brussels Commission. In 2013, in preparation for the European election of 2014, Martin Schulz, then President of the European Parliament campaigned for European political parties to name lead candidates for the post of President of the European Commission; his own party group, the centre-left Party of European Socialists named Schulz as its lead candidate (German: Spitzenkandidat). The President of the European Commission is the head of the European Commission, the executive branch of the European Union. This was taken as the parliament's cue to have its parties run with candidates for the president of the Commission with the candidate of the winning party being proposed by the Council. Ursula von der Leyen heiratete 1986 den Mediziner und späteren Geschäftsführer einer Biotec-Firma Prof. Dr. med.

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